Type 2 Diabetes is reaching epidemic proportions in the UK hand-in-hand with the increase in obesity. Type 2 Diabetes is a metabolic condition caused by being overweight, eating the wrong foods and leading a sedentary lifestyle.
Type 1 Diabetes is an auto-immne disease and is caused by the body's immune system attacking the pancreas preventing it from manufacturing insulin. Insulin is essential for transferring sugar from our food to our cells. People with Type 1 Diabetes need to take insulin for the rest of their lives.
Converseley, Type 2 Diabetes is caused by the body making too much insulin in response to the overload of sugar and refined carbohydrades (which are metabolised like sugar) in the diet. Eventually the body's cells become resistent to insulin meaning that any insulin produced fails to do its job properly, leaving an excess of sugar in the bloodstream.
The early stages of Type 2 Diabetes can often be reversed through changes in your diet and by taking regular exercise, however, in later stages medication may need to be taken to reduce blood sugar. Eventually your doctor may prescribe insulin to help deal with the excess of sugar in the blood.
People with type 2 Diabetes have increased risk of heart attack and stroke as excessive sugar in the blood causes damage to blood vessel walls causing the narrowing and hardening of the arteries. In addition they have a high chance of developing kidney disease, loss of vision and nerve damage.