Prostate Cancer is the most common cancer to affect men and is second only to lung cancer in male death rates from cancer. In the UK around 1 in 9 men is likely to be diagnosed with prostate cancer at some stage in their life. We highly recommend every man should take a prostate test at some point, for more information on prostate tests see below.
Although prostate cancer can affect any man it mainly affects men over the age of 50 and is most commonly diagnosed in men between 70 and 74. Apart from age, other factors which may increase your risk of prostate cancer are age and ethnicity. Prostate cancer is 3 times more prevalent in men of Afro-Carribean descent and is up to 3 times more likely to affect you if you have a father or brother who has been diagnosed.
A prostate cancer test is for men who have either been suffering from the common symptoms of prostate cancer or feel they would like to gain the peace of mind that an early detection test can provide.
We recommend that all men over the age of 40 begin having their prostate checked regularly - this is especially true if you are in a higher risk group due to family history or ethnicity (men of afro carribean descent have a higher risk of developing prostate cancer).
Even if you are not in a high risk category, regular testing is usful to establish your base level (i.e. what is "normal" for you) so that you can keep an eye on any unexplained changes.
In the early stages of prostate cancer there are often no signs or symptoms with the main symptoms becoming apparent as the disease progresses.
Although some men show none at all, common symptoms of prostate cancer include: