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Type 2 Diabetes is reaching epidemic proportions in the UK hand-in-hand with the increase in obesity. Type 2 Diabetes is a metabolic condition caused by being overweight, eating the wrong foods and leading a sedentary lifestyle.

Key Tests for Diabetes


A blood test to establish your levels of glucose with a view to diagnosing diabetes.

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A simple HbA1c blood test used to diagnose diabetes and assess sugar control by identifying blood sugar levels over the previous 8 - 10 weeks.

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This blood test measures glucose as well as HbA1c which is an indicator of blood sugar levels over several weeks prior to testing.

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Measure your sugar-control, vital to avoid or manage diabetes.

Advanced Tests for Diabetes


This blood test measures short and medium term sugar levels in the blood as well as microalbumin which is an indicator of kidney damage.

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This blood test measures the level of insulin in the blood and can help diagnose the cause of low blood sugar as well as diabetes.


This blood test measures how your body processes insulin and whether you are becoming insulin resistant which is a sign of type 2 diabetes.


A Glucose Tolerance Test blood test or GTT is used to screen for and diagnose type 2 diabetes.


A Glucose Tolerance Test Plus blood test is used to screen for and diagnose type 2 diabetes. This is an extended version of the Glucose Tolerance Test...


This glucose and insulin blood test is used to screen for and diagnose type 2 diabetes or pre-diabetes.

About Diabetes

Type 1 Diabetes is an auto-immne disease and is caused by the body's immune system attacking the pancreas preventing it from manufacturing insulin. Insulin is essential for transferring sugar from our food to our cells. People with Type 1 Diabetes need to take insulin for the rest of their lives.

Converseley, Type 2 Diabetes is caused by the body making too much insulin in response to the overload of sugar and refined carbohydrades (which are metabolised like sugar) in the diet. Eventually the body's cells become resistent to insulin meaning that any insulin produced fails to do its job properly, leaving an excess of sugar in the bloodstream.

The early stages of Type 2 Diabetes can often be reversed through changes in your diet and by taking regular exercise, however, in later stages medication may need to be taken to reduce blood sugar. Eventually your doctor may prescribe insulin to help deal with the excess of sugar in the blood.

People with type 2 Diabetes have increased risk of heart attack and stroke as excessive sugar in the blood causes damage to blood vessel walls causing the narrowing and hardening of the arteries. In addition they have a high chance of developing kidney disease, loss of vision and nerve damage.

Why have a Diabetes Check?

It is estimated that 50% of people with Diabetes don't yet know they have it. We recommend that everyone over the age of 40, or if they have a higher risk for Diabetes due to family history, ethnic origin (it is more prevalent in people of Asian and Afro Carribbean descent)  has a regular blood test for Diabetes. Caught early, Diabetes can be managed or reversed through exercise and dietary changes.

Symptoms of Diabetes

Symptoms of Diabetes include:

  • fatigue
  • passing urine more frequently, especially at night
  • increased thirst
  • increased incidence of thrush
  • wounds taking longer to heal than usual
  • blurred vision
  • unexplained weight loss